Middle Ages to 1800 of Metal Casting

Castle Dillenburg in Germany in 1455 is the first use of cast iron pipe carrying water.

1480 Birth Vannoccio Biringuccio (1480-1539), the “father of the foundry industry,” in Italy. He is the first man to document the foundry process in writing.

Saugus Iron Works in 1642, the first iron foundry America (and the second industrial plant), based near Lynn, Massachusetts. The first American iron casting, the Saugus pot, then poured.

Englishman Abraham Darby in 1709 creates the first foundry flask true for molding sand and loam.

1720 Rene Antoine de Reaumur develops first malleable iron, known today as “European Whiteheart.”

1730 Abraham Darby is the first to use coke as a fuel melting furnace in Coalbrookdale, England.

1750 Benjamin Huntsman reinvents the process cast steel crucible in England. This process is the first, in which the steel is melted completely, producing a uniform composition within the melt. Since the metal is melted completely, it also allows for the production of alloy steel, as can the additional elements in the alloy to the crucible during melting. It was completed in advance steel production through a combination of creating and tempering, and never reached the state of molten metal.
Foundrymen 1776 Charles Carroll, James Smith, George Taylor, James Wilson, George Ross, Philip Livingston and Stephen Hopkins signed the American Declaration of Independence.

1794 The first use of the Cupola in founding iron. Invented by John Wilkinson of England, was the original metal-cladding and used steam engines to the air blast provide.