The 19th Century of Metal Casting

-1809 Has developed a centrifugal casting AG Eckhardt of Soho, England.

-1815 The cupola was introduced in the US in Baltimore, MD.

-1818 First cast steel produced by the crucible process in the United States at the Valley Forge Foundry. Aluminum

-1825, the most common metal in the earth’s crust, is isolated.

-1826 Seth Boyden of Newark, NJ, is the first to develop processes and produce “blackheart” malleable iron.

-1831 In Cincinnati, OH, William Garrard establishes the first commercial steel crucible operation in the US is the first molding machine

-1837 dependable on the market and used by the S. Jarvis Adams Company in Pittsburg. -1845 The open hearth furnace to develop.

-1851 Sir Henry Bessemer and both William Kelly compose simple converter that uses blasts of air to burn off impurities, silicon, manganese and excess carbon in pig iron. While Kelly is the first to use converter, Bessemer receives US patents. Kelly creates patent priority in 1857.

-1863 Metallography, the etching, polishing, metal surfaces and microscopic evaluation, developed by Henry C. Sarby Sheffield, England. The first process is to physically examine the projection surface for analysis quality.

-1867 James Nasmythe develops foundry ladle appliances-tilted, worker safety and increasing operational economy. Sandblasting

-1870 first used to clean large castings by RE Tilghman of Philadelphia.

-1880-1887 The Sly tumbling mill development. The first cleaning machine for small castings. This mill greatly reduce the time required for manual cleaning operations and produced a finer finished product.

-1896 American Foundrymen’s Association (renamed American Foundrymen Society in 1948 and is now called the American Foundry Society) made.

-1897 Investment solutions are arrived at BF Philbrook of Iowa. It uses wear dental inlays.